GLOSSARY OF TERMS


AGE CATEGORY
• The age range you appear to be. Generally between 5 - 7 years over or under your actual age.

ART DIRECTOR/PRODUCER
• The person responsible for developing the look of an ad, editorial or other visual presentation. Can be an independent contractor or employed by an advertising agency, a magazine or photographer.

BOOK
• A model's portfolio book of photos.

BOOKER
• A person working in a modeling agency who books jobs, schedules appointments and assignments for models.

BOOKING OUT
• When a model books out he or she makes specific hours or days they are unavailable for assignments.

BOOKING CONDITIONS
• Factors that may exist in a booking and for which the model may be paid more. An agency establishes booking conditions that outline fee specifications for cancellations, weather permitting bookings, overtime or weekend fees, or bonuses for a variety of other conditions.

BILLING FORM
• A form used by models to record the names of clients, job descriptions, number of hours worked, rate of pay, and expenses. The model has the client sign the form (voucher) and will give the client one copy, the agency one copy and will keep one copy for herself. (see also Voucher).

BUY OUT
• An arrangement in which a client will issue a model a one-time payment for use of their work rather than pay residuals.

CALL TIME
• The time at which a model must be at the location and ready to work.

CALL SHEET
• Information sheet for the model, which contains all important information about a casting: call time, direction, client etc.

CALL BACK
• A second audition or meeting with the client so they can see you again before they make a final hiring decision.

CATTLE CALL
• A mass interview or audition where numerous models attend.

CHART
• A file or sheet used to chart a model's schedule, appointments, and other activities.

COMPOSITE
• Often referred to as a comp card. A card used to promote the model that contains several photos, the model's stats, and contact information.

COMMERCIAL MODEL
• Commercial can be any age, any size, and any height. Commercial models can do everything that isn't normally associated with high-fashion, such as product ads (housewares, food products, travel industry, tech devices, and the list goes on). 

CONTACT SHEET
• A sheet developed by a photographer showing all the shots from a roll of film so photos that can be selected quickly and easily. Can be in black and white or color.

CONTRACTS

EXCLUSIVE CONTRACT
• When you sign an exclusive contract with a modeling agency, you can only be represented by that agency for the duration of the contract. Sometimes there are exceptions—the term “exclusive” may be limited by time, geography or type of modeling This type of contract gives a lot of power to the modeling agency, so if you’re considering signing an exclusive contract it’s extra important to make sure you’re working with a reputable modeling agency that has your best interests at heart.

NON-EXCLUSIVE CONTRACT
• A non-exclusive contract gives models the power to sign with as many agencies as they want and possibly to find their own non-agency side jobs. This is more common for commercial models rather than the high fashion or editorial models. You might not get as many opportunities and as much guidance with an non-exclusive agency as you would with an exclusive one, but this type of contract does offer models a lot of freedom. If the modeling agency finds you work, they get paid a commission.

DAY RATE
• The price/cost of a particular service for a day's period. In some markets it is referred to as "per diem" (cost that an organization will pay for one days' work) and often translates to a 7.5 hour work day.

EDITORIAL MODEL
• Editorial Models appear in fashion magazines such as Vogue, Elle, Harper's Bazaar, GQ, Details, W, Numero and work for clients such as Armani, Gucci, Prada, Valentino, Louis Vuitton and other high-end clients are usually referred to as "editorial" models.

EDITORIAL PRINT
• Fashion pages of a magazine that are produced by the magazine itself to portray current trends, clothing and fashion ideas. Editorial work does not pay as well as commercial print which is work done for an actual paying client.

FREELANCE
• Working for different companies at different times rather than being permanently employed by one company.

FITTING
• When the model tries on clothing and outfits to make sure they fit properly and can be altered before a booking such as fashion show, commercial or print shoot.

FIT MODELS
• Used by designers and fashion houses, usually on a regular basis. A fit model would have the perfect measurements that fit industry standards. Can be any size and are not required to have the facial bone structure required by to be a print model.

HEADSHOT
• A clean head shot with no makeup to excellent makeup with simple hairstyle.No heavy jewelry or anything that distracts from your skin, bone structure, and overall features.

HAUTE COUTURE
• The French word for high fashion.

LOOK BOOK
• A collection of photos taken of models wearing a designer or manufacturers clothing that is sent out to fashion editors, buyers, clients and special customers to show the designer's looks for the season.

MODEL SCOUT
• A model scout is a man or a woman who is employed to discover and recruit aspiring, potential models. A scout can either specialize in a particular field, or they might spread their skills between different fields, such as sports, entertainment and modeling.

MODEL RELEASE
• A model release, known in similar contexts as a liability waiver, is a legal release typically signed by the subject of a photograph granting permission to publish the photograph in one form or another.

MODEL COMPETITION
• Society Man or Women Cover & featured article, creative direction for shoot.

MARKETS
• The term “market” refers to the various geographical locations in which models work and earn a living.  New York is a “market”, Paris is “market”, Tokyo is a “market”, and so on.  It can also refers to the fashion market, commercial market, plus market, petite market, etc. The major markets are New York, Paris, Milan, and Tokyo.  Secondary markets are Chicago, Miami, Australia, Taipei and so on.  Local markets are much smaller markets and usually where most models originate from before heading to a secondary or major market.

MINI BOOK
• A smaller version of the model's book that can be sent to clients. Photos are usually 5 x 7 inches. (Mini books are rarely used anymore, almost all agencies.

MOTHER AGENT
• A mother agent is the person or agency that initially discovered you.  A mother agent will help you develop your look, build your book and market you to major and secondary markets.  A mother agent is an important part of your team and can help you navigate the various markets and manage your career long term.

NEW FACE COMPETITION
• Feature in magazine, creative direction for shoot.

OPEN CALL
• An open call is a specific time that the agency sets aside (generally once a week) to see new talent, who are permitted to just walk in without an appointment or prior comp card submission.

ON LOCATION (photo shoot)
• 
Any place where a shoot (photography or film) takes place. When you are on location, it means you are outside the controlled environment of the studio or soundstage and should prepare accordingly.

PROMOTIONAL MODEL
• A promotional model is a model hired to drive consumer demand for a product, service, brand, or concept by directly interacting with potential customers. A majority of promotional models typically tend to be conventionally attractive in physical appearance.

RUNWAY/CATWALK MODEL
• Runway/Catwalk models do live runway shows, showrooms and other types of jobs where a designer or client needs the model to walk and show their clothing. Female runway/catwalk models are a minimum of 5' 9" but 5' 10" - 5' 11" is better. Male runway/catwalk models are usually a minimum of 5’11" - 6' 2”.

SAG
• The Screen Actors Guild.

STATS/MEASUREMENTS/DETAILS
• The model's statistics such as height, bust, waist, hips. For men, it is height, chest, and waist. Modeling agencies vary rarely, if ever, use weight as a measurement.

TEST
• A test photo shoot usually paid for by the model to test different looks and start building their books with photos.

TEARSHEET
• Is an actual page from a magazine, catalog or other print job in which the model has worked.

TFP
• Means Time for Prints. It is when a model will exchange their time to pose for a photographer and the photographer will, in turn, give the model prints for their book. Usually, this is done by a photographer who may be building their own portfolio or they want to try new lighting techniques or styles.

VOUCHER
• An invoice that is signed by the model and the client after the model completes a job. The model will hand in their vouchers to the agency so that the client can be billed and the model can be paid.